Gonorrhea is the second most common bacterial STD (STI) in Canada. Gonorrhea is transmitted principally through unprotected vaginal or anal penetration or through oral sex.
In men, the most common symptom is penile discharge associated with painful urination.
Women can experience abnormal vaginal bleeding, painful intercourse, abnormal vaginal discharge or pelvic infections which can lead to infertility.
Symptoms are not always present and one can be infected without knowledge. The treatment of gonorrhea is simple. When it is treated early, long term consequences are avoided. In the absence of symptoms, screening is best done 3 weeks after sexual contact with a partner of unknown sexual health status. However, with the new techniques used, the screening test may be positive as soon as 3 days after exposure.